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【本科插班生】基础英语考试大纲

来源:招生办 日期:2017-12-22 责任编辑:招生办 浏览692次

.考试性质

普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试是针对专科毕业生参加的选拔性考试。高等学校按已确定的招生计划,德、智、体全面衡量,择优录取招收本科插班生,《基础英语》课程考试对学生把握本课程程度具有较强识别、区分能力。考试成绩将作为录取的主要依据。

.考试内容及要求

一、考试基本要求

重点考核学生综合运用各项英语语言基础知识和语言运用能力,以及学生对语法结构和词汇用法的掌握程度,检查学生是否达到了《高等学校英语专业英语教学大纲》所规定的各项英语专业综合技能的基本要求,既测试学生的英语知识,也测试其综合运用能力的掌握情况。

二、考试命题原则

1. 命题根据《高等学校英语专业英语教学大纲》规定的考试目标和考核内容,考试命题应具有一定的覆盖面,且侧重考核学生综合运用各项基本技能的能力,也包括学生对语法结构和词汇用法的掌握程度。

2. 试卷的题型有:选择填空、完形填空、阅读理解、词句解释、句子翻译和短文翻译等。根据考核的要求,适当安排各种题型数量的比例,以考核考生对知识点的识记、理解和应用的水平。

Ⅲ.考试形式及试卷结构

一、考试形式及要求

1. 考试形式为闭卷,笔试,考试时间为120分钟,试卷满分为100分。

2. 试卷题型比例:选择填空题占15%,完形填空题占15%,阅读理解题占20%,词句解释题占10%,汉译英题占20%,作文题占20%。

3. 试题对不同能力层次要求的分数比例:识记为20%,理解30%,应用50%。

4. 试卷中难易程度的分数比例为:易约占30%,中等约占50%,难约占20%。

二、试卷结构及要求

1. 选择填空(Vocabulary and Structure)(15%)

(1) 考核目的:考核考生对基本词汇、短语及基本语法概念的熟练掌握程度。

(2) 考核形式:采用客观题形式。形式为4项选择题,要求考生从4个选项中选出一个最佳答案,共30道题。

(3) 考核要求:掌握《高等学校英语专业英语教学大纲》规定的基础阶段认知基本词汇,能正确、熟练地运用其中的3000个核心词汇;了解和掌握英语的基本构词规则。掌握并能正确运用《高等学校英语专业英语教学大纲》规定的一至四级语法内容;掌握基本的语法规则,掌握基本的英语句子结构,能较熟练地运用语法及句子结构知识等。

(4) 题型及分值:选择题。每题0.5分,共30题,本题共计15分。

2. 完形填空(Cloze)(15%)

(1) 考核目的:考核考生句子结构和词义理解方面的能力。

(2) 考核形式:采用客观题形式。本项目为一篇短文,要求学生在理解短文的基础上,从所给的4个选项中选出最佳答案,使短文的内容和结构完整,共15道题。

(3) 考核要求:能在全面理解所给短文内容的基础上,选择一个最佳答案使短文意思和结构恢复完整。

(4) 题型及分值:选择题。每题1分,共15题,本题共计15分。

3. 阅读理解(Reading Comprehension)(20%)

(1) 考核目的:考核考生的英语阅读理解能力。

(2) 考核形式:采用客观题形式。本项目为两篇短文,要求学生掌握所读材料的主旨和大意,了解说明主旨和大意的事实和细节;既理解字面意思,也能根据所读材料进行一定的判断和推论;既理解个别句子的意义,也能理解上下文的逻辑关系。

(3) 考核要求:能在全面理解所给短文内容的基础上,从四个选项中选择一个符合要求的最佳答案。

(4) 题型及分值:选择题。每题2分,共10题,本题共计20分。

4. 词语解释(Paraphrase)(10%)

(1) 考核目的:考生在理解原句的基础上,对句中划线的部分进行解释或改述。

(2) 考核形式:采用主观题形式。本项为10个句子,要求学生在理解句子的基础上,用所学其他的英语词汇或短语重新对句子中划线的部分进行释义。

(3) 考核要求:能在全面理解所给句子的基础上,用英语词汇或短语解释原句中划线的部分,并做到意思和结构完整,符合语法要求。

(4) 题型及分值:释义题。每题2分,共5题,本题共计10分。

5. 汉译英(Translation from Chinese into English)(20%)

(1) 考核目的:考核考生汉译英的翻译能力。

(2) 考核形式:采用主观题形式。汉译英为句子翻译,利用所给的一个英文单词或短语,把整个句子翻译成英文,共10个句子。

(3) 考核要求:掌握初步的汉译英的翻译知识和技巧,能进行中等难度句子的翻译。译文力争做到能用正确的英语表达方式表达,忠实原意,语言通顺、流畅,无重大语法错误。

(4) 题型及分值:主观题。每题2分,共10题,本题共计20分。

6. 作文(Writing)(20%)

(1) 考核目的:考核考生用英语表达思想的能力。

(2) 考核形式:采用主观题形式。作文为命题作文,考生根据所给材料按照要求进行写作,字数在180-200之间。

(3) 考核要求:能根据所给的作文题目、图表或阅读材料等,写一遍长度在180-200个单词的作文。能做到内容相关、充实、结构完整、语言通顺、用词恰当、表达得体。

(4) 题型及分值:主观题。作文,共1题,本题共计20分。

. 参考书目

1. 《新世纪高等院校英语专业本科生系列教材 综合教程》,第1-4册(第二版),何兆熊主编,上海外语教育出版社。

2. 《新世纪高等院校英语专业本科生系列教材 综合教程》,第1-4册 综合训练,何兆熊主编,上海外语教育出版社。

Ⅴ.题型示例

Part I. Multiple Choice Questions---Choose Only One Correct Answer. 单项选择题,请选择一个正确答案。(0.5’×30=15’)

1.  One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them.

A. corrects      B. correct         C. to correct     D. correcting

Part II. CLOZE     (1’×15=15’)   

Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks.

Sometimes I really doubt whether there is love between my parents. Every day they are very busy trying to __31__ in order to pay the high tuition for my brother and me. They don’t act in the __32__ ways that I read in books or I see on TV. In their opinion, “I love you” is too __33__ for them to say. Sending flowers to each other on Valentine’s Day is even more out of __34__.

One day, my mother was sewing a quilt. I sat down beside her. “Mom, I have a question to ask you. Is there __35__ between you and Dad?” I asked her in a very low voice. She didn’t answer immediately. She __36__ her head and continued to sew the quilt. 

I was very worried because I thought I had _37_ her. I was _38__ and I didn’t know what I should do. But at last I heard my mother say the following words:

“Susan,” she said thoughtfully, “Look at this thread.Sometimes it __39_, but most of it disappears in the quilt. The thread really makes the quilt __40__. If life is a quilt, then love should be a thread.It can hardly be seen __41_, but it’s really there. Love is __42__.”

I listened carefully but I __43__ her until the next spring. At that time, my father suddenly __44_ seriously. My mother had to stay with him in the hospital for a month. When they returned from the hospital, they both looked __45 _.

31.A.keep fit B.rise early C.earn money D.collect money

32.A.magic B.romantic C.fantastic D.attractive

33.A.simple B.easy C.relaxing D.luxurious

34.A.the question B.question C.reach D.control

35.A.feeling B.love C.quarrel D.smile

36.A.raised B.shook C.nodded D.bowed

37.A.hurt B.injured C.wounded D.harmed

38.A.in great surprise                    B.in a great embarrassment

C.with deep depression D.at extreme sorrow

39.A.happens B.comes about C.appears D.occurs

40.A.warm and soft   B.hot and hard C.thin and cool D.strong and durable

41.A.somewhere and sometime B.anywhere or anytime

    C.more or less                   D.here and there

42.A.inside B.outside C.faraway   D.nearby

43.A.could believe                      B.couldn’t understand

    C.wouldn’t recognize D.might know

44.A.got sick B.got stuck C.threw up D.became disabled

45.A.quite healthy B.very pale C.fairly red D.much surprised

Part III. READING COMPREHENSION  (2’× 10=20’)

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer.

Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two.

Text A

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
  Protests at the use of animals in research have taken a new and fearful character in Britain with the attempted murder of two British scientists by the terrorist technique of the pre-planted car-bomb.
  The research community will rightly be alarmed at these developments, which have two objectives: to arouse public attention and to frighten people working in research with animals. The first need is that everything should be done to identify those responsible for the crimes and to put them on trail. The Defence Research Society has taken the practical step of offering a reward of 10,000 pounds for information leading to those responsible, but past experience is not encouraging. People are unlikely to be tempted by such offers. The professional police will similarly be confronted by the usual problem of finding a needle in a haystack.
  That is why the intellectual (知识分子) community in Britain and elsewhere must act more vigorously in its own defence. There are several steps that can be taken, of which the chief one is to demand of all the organizations that exist with the declared objectives of safeguarding the interests of animals that they should declare clearly where they stand on violence towards people. And it will not be enough for the chairmen and chairwomen of these organizations to utter placatory (安抚的) statements on behalf of all their members. These people should also undertake that it will be a test of continuing membership in their organizations that members and would be members should declare that they will take no part in acts of violence against human beings. Even such undertakings would not be fully effective: people, after all, can lie. But at least they would distinguish the organizations entitled to a continuing voice in the dialogue with the research community about the rights of animals in research from the organizations that deserve no say.
  46. The words “these developments” (Para. 2, Line 1) most probably refer to ________.
  A) the acts of violence against scientists
  B) the use of animals in research
  C) the techniques of planting bombs in cars
  D) the establishment of new animal protection organization
  47. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
  A) The police abandoned their efforts to find the criminals.
  B) The terrorists escaped with the help of their organizations.
  C) The attempted murder caused grave anxiety among British scientists.
  D) People sympathized murder caused grave anxiety among British scientists.
  48. The author’s purpose in writing his article is to demand that animal-protecting organizations ________.
  A) declare their objectives clearly
  B) give up the use of violence
  C) continue the dialogue with the scientific community
  D) help to find those responsible for the attempted murder
  49. In the author’s opinion ________.
  A) since people can lie, the problem about their rights of scientists can’t be solved
  B) animal-protecting organizations about be held responsible for acts of violence against scientists
  C) animal protection organizations should be declared illegal
  D) the scientists should take effective measures to protect themselves
  50. What does the word “they” (Para. 3, Line 3) refer to?
  A) The animal-protecting organizations.
  B) The organizations that will talk with the research community.
  C) Those who support the use of animals in research.
  D) Those who support the animal-protection organizations.

Part IV. Paraphrasing. (2'×5=10')                                               

Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. Write down your answer on the Answer Sheet.

56. When I was ten, I was suddenly confronted with the anguish of moving from the only home.

Part V. Chinese -to- English Translation. (2.0'×10=20')       

Translate the following sentences. You should write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

 61.既然准时是个好习惯,我们应该十分注意准时,努力养成这种好习惯。(punctuality)

Part VI. Writing(20'×1=20')                                                   

For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should write 180-200 words following the outline given below. Write your essay on the Answer Sheet.

Directions: The extensive possession of cars by the Americans has extended its great influence on various aspects of American culture, so much so that it has caused Americans “Out of Step”. The same thing is happening in China. Please write in the title of “Private Cars” in which you should answer the following questions:

Why do people want a car of their own?

What problems can private cars bring to us?

How can we solve the problems?

What are your suggestions and why?